Heritage sites

REET 2020: Museums and Heritage sites in Rajasthan

Daily REET 2020

Rajasthan carries a wide collection of Heritage sites and considered to be home to many heritage sites. Rajasthan in India is a land of history, heritage, and great architectural marvels. The former ‘Land of Rajputana’ is dotted with a number of heritage sites, some of them are listed among
the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The royal legacy of the Rajput days is known for its unmatched beauty and grandeur. These sites have history etched in every nook and corner. The magnificent designs, the opulent layout, and the impressive architecture are centuries old but still retain their charm.

  1. Ranthambore Fort-

Situated in Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur Rajasthan and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Inside Ranthambore fort, there are three Hindu temples dedicated to Ganesh, Shiva, and Ramlalaji constructed in the 12th and 13th centuries from red Karauli stone. The Rajput King Sapaldaksha from Chauhan dynasty laid the foundation stone of this fort .later many other Kings contributed towards the fortification but the major role was played by Rao Hammir Deo Chauhan.

2. Gagron Fort-

Situated in Jhalawar district of Rajasthan near Kota and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Fort is known in the history of the remarkable feat by women who performed Sati or Jauhar and two live burnings have been stated herein which hundreds of women burned themselves to save their chastity. The Gagron Fort is surrounded by water bodies from three sides which makes it unique and it has remarkable construction as it takes support from the hill of Burj from one side. It is a hill and water fort, one of 12 kinds of Vedic fort architecture known as JalDurg.The famous fort was built by Raja Bijili Dev in the 12th century and it was ruled around 300 years by the Khinchi dynasty after which it was attacked by Mughals.

3. Amber Fort-

Located in Amer, Rajasthan. Amber Fort is one of the most majestic forts built by Raja Shri Mann Singh Ji I and is located on a high hill. Amer Fort is known for its artistic style elements. The beautiful architecture of the Amber Fort has water channels running through it into the hall and carries cool water which works as an air cooler with little help from the breeze.
The doors are made of ivory and sandalwood and there is Sheesh Mahal which is made with thousands of glasses on its wall.

4. Jaisalmer Fort-

It is one of the largest forts built by Bhati Rajput Ruler Rao Jaisal and is commonly known as Sone ka Quila because of its magnificent looks
and is considered as UNESCO World Heritage Site and is located at the Thar Desert. It is the second oldest fort in Rajasthan and was built by Rawal Jaisal, a Bhati Rajput, in 1156 CE. The fort is 1,500 ft (460 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide and is built on a hill that rises above a height of 250 ft (76 m)
above the surrounding countryside. Inside Jaisalmer Fort, there are 7 Jain temples built by yellow sandstone. The fort has four fortified entrances or gates.

5. Jantar Mantar-

Built by Prince Jai Singh II who built it to know more about the astronomical skills and cosmology concept, located at Jaipur. It is a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments. It features the world’s largest stone sundial and is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage site. It is located near City Palace and Hawa Mahal. The Jantar Mantar was declared a national monument in 1948. The Jantar Mantar is managed under the Archeological Sites.

6. Chittorgarh Fort-

It is also known as Chittor Fort. It is one of the largest forts and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort is spread over an area of 2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi) and situated on the left bank of the Berach River. It is said to have been built by the local Maurya ruler Chitrangada Maurya. The fort has total of seven gates (in the local language, the gate is called Pol), namely the Padan Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jodla Pol, Laxman Pol, and the main gate named the Ram Pol (Lord Rama’s Gate)

7. Kumbhalgarh Fort-

It was built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is extended to an area of 36 kms and is stated to be the second-longest wall in the world and considered to be Mewar Fortress. It is built on a hilltop 1,100 m (3,600 ft) above sea level on the Aravalli range. Lakhola Tank is the most notable tank inside the fort. Kumbhalgarh Fort has seven fortified gateways.

Museums in Rajasthan

  1. Maharao Madho Singh Museum, Kota-

It is situated in the old palace, it houses a rich collection of Rajput paintings of the Kota school, exquisite sculptures and other valuable antiques. This museum is the treasure house of artistic items used by the rulers of Kota.

  1. Bharatpur Government Museum-

Located in the heart of Lohargarh fort, it was transformed into a museum in 1944 AD. There is a vast collection of many antiques and valuable exhibits, the most prominent ones are stone sculptures, wooden carvings, inscriptions, terracotta products etc. The museum has a separate gallery with paintings on peepal leaves, mica, and litho papers. This museum primarily consists of stone sculptures, inscriptions, terracotta items, metallic objects, coins, weapons, miniature paintings, and local art.

  1. Sadul Singh Museum, Bikaner-

Housed on the second floor of Lalgarh palace, this museum was established in the year 1972. It exhibits a wide spectrum of Georgian paintings, hunting trophies and rare artifacts. The museum is dedicated to the great kings of Bikaner namely, Maharaja Ganga Singh, Sadul Singh, and Karni Singh.

  1. Government Museum, Mount Abu-

Mount Abu is considered as a hub of cultural activities since prehistoric times. Built-in 1962 within the premises of Raj Bhawan, the main purpose of this museum is to preserve the archaeological wealth of the region. This museum is so interesting that it attracts crowds of all age groups. The major attractions of this place are paintings, tribal works, and sculptures.

  1. Sardar Government Museum, Jodhpur
  2. Albert Hall Museum, Jaipur-

It is considered as the finest gallery in Jaipur. It is also called the Government Central Museum. This museum was designed by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob on February 21, 1887, to impress King Edward VI and currently includes more than 24,930 exhibits. The museum has a rich collection of artifacts including paintings, jewelry, carpets, ivory, stone, metal sculptures, and works in crystal. The museum complex is a proud example of Indo-Saracenic architecture which features beautiful pillars, arches, and vast courtyards.

  1. Doll Museum, Jaipur-

Built-in 1973, It exhibits many varieties of dolls and toys in various genres, styles, and sizes. Dolls are dressed in traditional attires of different countries. The massive collection of puppets and figurines in the museum is displayed in five different galleries. All these galleries contain different dolls, which have been gathered from the different parts of India as well as the world.

  1. Anokhi Museum of Hand Printing, Jaipur-

Anokhi Museum houses the world’s best block painting garments and is a cultural endeavor of the Anokhi clothing brand. This museum exhibits the oldest art form of Rajasthani art at its very best. The creation of the Anokhi Museum of Hand Printing was the initiative of Founder & Director, Rachel Bracken Singh and her husband Pritam Singh. Pritam’s father, John Singh, purchased the dilapidated Chanwar Palkiwon ki Haveli mansion in the late 1970s and began a 3-year renovation project in 1989. Anokhi Museum holds a UNESCO certification for ‘Cultural Heritage Conservation’ in 2000.

  1. Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum, Bikaner
  2. Government Museum, Jaisalmer
  3. Prachina Museum, Bikaner

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